Jal Jeevan Mission Scheme: Objective, Budget & Eligibility

Jal Jeevan Mission Scheme
Jal Jeevan Mission Scheme

Water is a fundamental human necessity, yet for many rural communities in India, it remains a scarce commodity. Addressing this critical issue, the Jal Jeevan Mission Scheme (Rural) was inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on India’s Independence Day in 2019. This ambitious initiative aims to ensure that every rural household in India has a functional household tap connection by 2024, thus providing equitable access to water and enhancing the quality of life in rural areas.

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What is Jal Jeevan Mission Scheme (Rural)?

The Jal Jeevan Mission (Rural) is a comprehensive response to the water scarcity that plagues vast swathes of India’s rural population. Spearheaded by the Ministry of Jal Shakti, Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation, the scheme is not just a water supply program but a movement to secure water for generations. It focuses on creating robust infrastructure for water delivery from source to tap, ensuring the sustainability of water resources through community-led management.

Information about Jal Jeevan Mission (Rural)

The initiative started with a clear mandate to transform rural India’s water landscape. Key components of the mission include laying down extensive pipelines, setting up filtration plants, and ensuring the maintenance of these infrastructures. It prioritizes areas that are water-stressed or have been relying on unclean water sources.

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Objective of Jal Jeevan Mission

The ultimate goal of the Jal Jeevan Mission is multi-fold:

  1. Provide Universal Access to Water: Ensure every rural household has access to tap water with a special focus on marginalized and disadvantaged groups.
  2. Promote Water Conservation: Encourage efficient water use and promote rainwater harvesting to sustain groundwater levels.
  3. Enhance Water Quality: Improve the quality of water provided by addressing contamination, ensuring health and wellness.

Budget for Jal Jeevan Mission Scheme

With an allocated budget of INR 3.60 lakh crore, the funding strategy is designed to cover capital and operational expenditures over a period of five years. This budget allocation is strategically divided among different states based on specific criteria, including population, water scarcity levels, and infrastructure needs.

Features of Jal Jeevan Mission

  1. Sustainability: By involving local communities in the management through Village Water and Sanitation Committees (VWSCs), the scheme promotes long-term sustainability.
  2. Technology Driven: Advanced technologies for water purification and monitoring systems are implemented to ensure the quality and efficiency of water supply.
  3. Infrastructure Development: Extensive development of water supply infrastructure to ensure that clean and safe water reaches every household.

Benefits of Jal Jeevan Mission

The direct benefits of the mission are profound and far-reaching:

  • Health: Reduction in water-borne diseases due to access to clean water.
  • Education: Less time spent on water collection means more time for education, especially for girls.
  • Economic Growth: Water availability leads to better living conditions and economic opportunities, especially in agriculture-dependent rural areas.

Fund Allocation Eligibility and Criteria under Jal Jeevan Mission

To ensure effective use of funds, the scheme sets specific eligibility criteria for fund allocation:

  1. Geographical Prioritization: Areas with severe water scarcity and poor water quality are given priority.
  2. Community Readiness: Only those communities ready with a local water management plan and matching funds are eligible for central funds.
  3. Sustainability Measures: Communities must demonstrate sustainability measures like rainwater harvesting to qualify for funds.

Details of Beneficiary States of Jal Jeevan Mission

The implementation of the Jal Jeevan Mission varies significantly across different states, reflecting their unique challenges and needs. For instance:

  • Telangana has achieved impressive coverage owing to its existing strong water infrastructure.
  • Bihar is rapidly progressing with the help of both central and state funds due to the high prevalence of water-related issues in the state.

Conclusion

The Jal Jeevan Mission Scheme represents a vital step towards sustainable development in India by addressing the urgent need for water accessibility in rural areas. Through its comprehensive approach involving community participation, technological integration, and significant financial investment, the scheme aims to transform the rural water landscape by 2024, thereby contributing to the overall socio-economic upliftment of the rural population.

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