Understanding T+0 Settlement: What is it, Changes & Benefits, Eligibility & More

Understanding T+0 Settlement
Understanding T+0 Settlement

In a significant move toward enhancing the efficiency and transparency of the Indian stock market, the Securities and Exchange Board of India (Sebi) has introduced a T+0 stock settlement cycle. This initiative marks a pivotal shift from the traditional T+1 settlement cycle, offering a quicker turnaround for transactions and potentially reshaping the landscape for investors and traders alike. This article delves into the intricacies of T+0 settlement, detailing its mechanism, the stocks eligible for this cycle, operational dynamics, benefits, and eligibility criteria.

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What is T+0 Settlement?

Traditionally, the Indian stock market has operated on a T+1 settlement cycle, where transactions (buying or selling of shares) are reflected in investors’ demat accounts one day after the transaction is made. The T+0 settlement cycle, however, accelerates this process, ensuring that transactions are settled on the same day they are executed. This move to a same-day settlement cycle is designed to enhance market efficiency and reduce settlement risk.

Which Stocks Will Be Eligible?

In its initial phase, the T+0 settlement cycle will be available for a select group of 25 stocks. This list, released by the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE), includes prominent names such as Ambuja Cements, Ashok Leyland, Bajaj Auto, Bank of Baroda, BPCL, and Cipla, along with three Tata Group stocks, among others. These stocks have been chosen to pilot the T+0 settlement cycle, setting the stage for a broader implementation in the future.

How Will the T+0 Operations Work?

The T+0 settlement cycle will operate alongside the existing T+1 cycle, providing an optional framework for investors and brokers. This dual-cycle approach ensures that while the new system is being tested and integrated, the traditional settlement process remains uninterrupted and available for all market participants. The T+0 cycle is specifically designed to cater to trades executed between 9:15 AM and 1:30 PM, with a unique pricing mechanism that includes a price band of +100 basis points from the price in the regular T+1 market.

Changes and Benefits

The shift towards a T+0 settlement cycle represents a significant evolution in market operations, aiming to bring several benefits to the trading ecosystem:

  • Efficiency and Speed: By settling transactions on the same day, the T+0 cycle reduces the waiting period for fund and securities clearance, thereby increasing liquidity and enabling faster reinvestment opportunities.
  • Risk Management: Shorter settlement periods can reduce counterparty risk, as the time frame for a transaction to be reversed due to non-payment or other issues is minimized.
  • Transparency: Immediate settlement provides a clearer, real-time view of an investor’s portfolio, enhancing decision-making processes.
  • Cost Reduction: Potentially lower transaction costs due to reduced borrowing needs for brokers and investors who leverage intra-day trading strategies.

Eligibility and Operation Details

Sebi has stated that all investors will be eligible to participate in the T+0 settlement cycle, provided they meet the specified timelines, processes, and risk requirements. The initiative is designed to be inclusive, ensuring that a broad spectrum of the market can benefit from this enhanced settlement mechanism. The operational framework for T+0 includes specific trade timing windows and a price band mechanism to ensure orderly market behaviour and prevent excessive volatility.


The introduction of the T+0 settlement cycle by Sebi is a landmark development for the Indian stock market, offering a more efficient and risk-averse environment for investors. By enabling same-day settlement, the market is poised to become more attractive for both domestic and international investors, further solidifying India’s position as a burgeoning financial hub. As the beta version of this settlement cycle progresses, it will be interesting to observe its impact on market dynamics and whether this paves the way for a broader adoption of T+0 settlement across all stocks

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